A-Z of rice

A

Al dente
An Italian phrase denoting the texture of pasta, rice and vegetables as tender or soft on the outside but still firm to the bite within; its literal translation is 'to the tooth'.
Arborio A variety of rice, medium grain, absorbent which cooks to a creamy mass, used in the Italian dish risotto.
Arborio rice The classic risotto rice from the north Italian region of Piedmont; a medium to long grain rice, it absorbs a lot of cooking liquid yet still retains a good bite in texture.
Arkansas Is the largest rice producing state in the U.S.
Armstrong,Louis Signed his autograph "Red Beans and Ricely Yours…."
Arrack Is a distilled liquor prepared from a rice infusion.
Arroz con Pollo Rice with chicken, is thought to originate from Portugal or Spain.
Ash
Ash from the Hulls of the rice is used to produce cellulose products e.g. rayon and rice fuel.

B

 Beer Various brands of beer are brewed with rice. When rice is used in brewing it is claimed that the rice gives the beer lightness.
Bomba A medium grain originating from Spain, used to make Paella
 Bran The outer husk of the rice grain is cleaned and stabilised and used as a fibre supplement in the same way as wheat bran.
 Breakfast  Cereals Various cereals are made from puffed rice.

c

 Crackers Japanese rice crackers are a popular snack.
 Cakes Rice cakes are made from crispy puffed rice to produce a light base which can be topped with any sweet or savoury topping. They are very low in calories.
 Cosmetics Rice grains can be ground and formed into cosmetic powders.
 Carolina The name originally used for pudding rice as an early source for this rice was America.
 Chelo A Persian dish distinctive for its golden crusted rice grains.
 Calas Tous Chauds Rice fritters which were sold in the streets of the French quarter in New Orleans.

D

 Dragon Straw from the plant is used to make a 'Rice Dragon' for Silk Worms to build their cocoons upon.
 Death Is symbolised by chopsticks stuck into a mound of rice in Taiwan
 Della Rice An aromatic rice developed in the US, described as having similar characteristics to Basmati. But its cooked kernels are not as long and as slender as Basmati as when it cooks it swells lengthwise and widthwise.
 Dewie Srie The Indonesian goddess of rice.
 Dolmades Arabic for "something stuffed," a Greek cuisine comprised of grape leaves stuffed with a filling of rice, meat, and lentils and various other seasonings. Usually braised or baked. They may be eaten hot or cold or at room temperature as an appetiser or entrée.
 Donburi A bowl of rice with some other food on top of it.

e

 Electricity Hulls from the plant are used to generate electricity.
 Enriched Rice Rice which has some of the nutrients replaced which were lost during milling. When enriched, Iron, Nacin and Thiamin are the most commonly added nutrients.
 Earth In many Asian cultures rice is considered the link between Heaven and Earth.

f

Flakes Rice grains are rolled and flaked and then used in a similar way as porridge oats to produce porridge, flapjacks and biscuits
Flour Rice grains are milled finely to produce rice flour, which is used in baking and as a thickening agent.
Fertility Rice is a symbol of fertility in Asian cultures.
Fried Rice A Chinese dish of rice seasoned with soy sauce and stir-fried; eggs, chicken, pork, shrimp and/or vegetables are often stirred into the mixture. Fried rice is best prepared with chilled cooked rice.

g

 Ground rice Is rice grain that has been ground into a coarse powder. This has a similar texture and particle size to semolina and is used in baking and puddings.
 Gluten Rice is gluten free and suitable for Coeliacs who are allergic to gluten
 Gohan The Japanese word meaning rice and a complete meal.
 Glue Can be made by boiling ground rice.
 Gumbo  A Cajun dish.

h

 Household Friendly A few grains of rice in a salt cellar will keep the salt running freely
 Honda Means 'main rice field'
 Hulls Are used as a packing material to pad fragile cargo during shipping

i

 Inari Is the Japanese rice god
Indica One of the two main sub-species of rice. Indica varieties are generally long grain and account for the majority of rice consumed in the UK
 Indigestion Chinese believe that rice cures indigestion
 Ice-cream Rice has even been used to make ice-cream
 Inkapati The Philippine rice god

j

Jambalaya A traditional Louisiana rice dish, its highly seasoned and flavoured with sausage, ham, seafood, pork or chicken.
 Japanese Meal Names Are based around rice:
Breakfast = 'Morning Rice' = asa gohan 
Lunch = 'Afternoon Rice' = hiru gohan
Dinner = 'Evening Rice' = Ban gohan
Japonica One of the two main sub-species of rice.  Japonica varieties are generally short or medium grain, used in dishes such as sushi and risotto
Jasmine A fragrant rice similar to basmati.
 Jobless Being jobless in Singapore is termed 'broken rice bowl' whilst a good job is termed an 'iron rice bowl'.

k

 Kin Khao In Thai means having a meal or eating rice.
 Kichiri An indigenous dish of rice and lentils from India, adapted to form Kedgeree
 Kedgeree During the days of the British Raj in India it is believed that this dish was adapted from Kichiri.

l

 Long Hair In Sumatra rice is often sown by women with long hair hanging loosely down their backs as it is thought to help the rice grow more abundantly and with long stalks
 Laundry Starch Is manufactured from broken grains of rice.
 Lontong An Indonesian recipe which constricts rice as it cooks so that expanding grains form a mass which can be cut into squares.
 Luck Rice is a symbol of luck in many Asian countries.

m

Marriage Newly-weds would have rice thrown over them as it was believed that this would ensure the couple had numerous children
Marble Rice Marble is the decorative effect of placing rice on book covers during their making.
Manoomin The name given to wild rice by native American tribes, meaning precious grain.
Money Rice has been used as a substitute for money, in medieval Japan Samurai warriors were paid with rice.
Mae Posop
The Thai rice god

n

 Nasi Goreng Means fried rice in Indonesian
Nigiri A style of sushi.  Rice is pressed into balls using sushi vinegar and often incorporating seaweed before a variety of toppings are added
 Noodles Are made from rice flour, white and semi-transparent they are used mainly in soups and stir-frying
 Nutrients Rice is a good source of essential nutrient's thiamin, riboflavin, nacin, phosphorous, iron and potassium

o

 Ointment In India, rice water (a decoction of rice) is prescribed to counteract inflamed surfaces
 Oryza sativa The Latin botanical name of rice 
 O-himach Rice harvesting festival in Japan.
 Okaiyu Japanese rice gruel, soft like oatmeal and is served as part of a typical breakfast

p

 Paper Rice Paper is not made from Rice at all, but from the pith of the 'rice paper tree', a small Asian shrub. Rice Paper is a thin edible paper used to line baking trays, in the East it is used for delicate paintings. A coarse rice paper can be made from rice flour and this is used to wrap spring rolls and other Asian foods
 Pilaf A light, fluffy rice dish originating from the Middle East. Rice is sautéed in fat and then cooked in a broth with onions, raisins and spices
 Pudding Rice A short grain rice used in puddings and sweets, the grains are starchy and clump together when cooked.
 Patna The name used for long grain rice when it was exported from India.
 Pastries Rice is ground into powder and used to form pastries.
 Parboiled A process perfected in the 1940's as a means of preserving nutrients that would otherwise be lost in the milling.

q

 Queen of Fragrance Is the translation of Basmati.

r

 Rice Shapes Used as a gluten free alternative to wheat pasta
 Risotto An Italian dish which is rich and creamy, the rice is sautéed in fat and then cooked in a broth.
 Rough Rice Another name for Paddy
 Rijsttafel  A Dutch term meaning 'rice table', a Dutch version of an Indonesian meal which consists of small well seasoned side dishes e.g. steamed, fried seafood or meats, vegetables, sauces etc

s

 Sake Is an alcoholic drink that the Japanese make from fermented rice. It is served hot in ceramic bowls.
 Sophocles The Greek poet mentioned rice in the Greek Tragedies.
 Straw

From the Rice plant has many different uses:

  • Twisted into sticks for fuel
  • Crafted into handicrafts, shoes and toys
  • Braided into rope
  • Moulded into bricks
  • Stacked and preserved as fodder for cattle
  • Made into Paper 
 Sushi Cooked rice formed into rice balls and served cold with brightly coloured seafood placed on top
 Sekihan A red rice dish, where the rice has been cooked with red azuki beans, the colour is festive for celebrations.

T

Toyota Means 'bountiful rice field'
 Toothpaste Ash from the hulls of the rice plant is used to clean discoloured teeth
 Tisnawati The Indonesian Rice god.
 Tauchiko The rice planting ritual in Japan

u

 University  There is a Rice University in the USA
 UK  Has never been able to cultivate rice due to its adverse climatic conditions

v

 Vinegar Three types are made, white, red and black, which vary in taste and are used extensively in Chinese cooking.
 Variety Rice has versatility unlike any other food, it can be made part of any meal in recipes for soups, salads, main dishes, desserts, drinks and vinegar!
 Vishnu In Bali, it is believed that Lord Vishnu caused the Earth to give birth to rice.

w

 Wine The Chinese make wine from glutinous rice, used for cooking and drinking, it's similar to pale sherry.
 Wild Rice Not a true rice, but an aquatic grass variety and from a different genus, the grains are long, thin and black. Rich in B Vitamins.
 Wealth Rice is a symbol of wealth in Asian countries.

x

 Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Is a bacterial blight disease which affects rice plants and their crop.

Y

z

 Zizania palustris The Latin name of Wild rice. It is the only cereal grain native to North American continent.