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Types of rice

There are more than 40,000 varieties of cultivated rice (the grass species Oryza sativa) said to exist. But the exact figure is uncertain. Over 90,000 samples of cultivated rice and wild species are stored at the International Rice Gene Bank and these are used by researchers all over the world.

there are two major sub species of rice that account for the overwhelming majority of cultivated varieties – Indica and Japonica.  Indica rice varieties are generally classified as long grain, while Japonica rice varieties can be either medium or short grain.  within the groups there are also speciality and aromatic rices ...