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A-Z of rice

Al dente

An Italian phrase denoting the texture of pasta, rice and vegetables as tender or soft on the outside but still firm to the bite within; its literal translation is 'to the tooth'.

Arborio rice

The classic risotto rice from the north Italian region of Piedmont; a medium to long grain rice, it absorbs a lot of cooking liquid yet still retains a good bite in texture.

Arkansas

Is the largest rice producing state in the U.S.

Armstrong,Louis

Signed his autograph "Red Beans and Ricely Yours…."

Arrack

Is a distilled liquor prepared from a rice infusion.

Arroz con Pollo

Rice with chicken, is thought to originate from Portugal or Spain.

Ash

Ash from the Hulls of the rice is used to produce cellulose products e.g. rayon and rice fuel.

Beer

Various brands of beer are brewed with rice. When rice is used in brewing it is claimed that the rice gives the beer lightness.

Bomba

A medium grain originating from Spain, used to make Paella

Bran

The outer husk of the rice grain is cleaned and stabilised and used as a fibre supplement in the same way as wheat bran.

Breakfast Cereals

Various cereals are made from puffed rice.

Cakes

Rice cakes are made from crispy puffed rice to produce a light base which can be topped with any sweet or savoury topping. They are very low in calories.

Calas Tous Chauds

Rice fritters which were sold in the streets of the French quarter in New Orleans.

Carolina

The name originally used for pudding rice as an early source for this rice was America.

Chelo

A Persian dish distinctive for its golden crusted rice grains.

Cosmetics

Rice grains can be ground and formed into cosmetic powders.

Crackers

Japanese rice crackers are a popular snack.

Death

Is symbolised by chopsticks stuck into a mound of rice in Taiwan

Della Rice

An aromatic rice developed in the US, described as having similar characteristics to Basmati. But its cooked kernels are not as long and as slender as Basmati as when it cooks it swells lengthwise and widthwise.

Dewie Srie

The Indonesian goddess of rice.

Dolmades

Arabic for "something stuffed," a Greek cuisine comprised of grape leaves stuffed with a filling of rice, meat, and lentils and various other seasonings. Usually braised or baked. They may be eaten hot or cold or at room temperature as an appetiser or entrée.

Donburi

A bowl of rice with some other food on top of it.

Dragon

Straw from the plant is used to make a 'Rice Dragon' for Silk Worms to build their cocoons upon.

Earth

In many Asian cultures rice is considered the link between Heaven and Earth.

Electricity

Hulls from the plant are used to generate electricity.

Enriched Rice

Rice which has some of the nutrients replaced which were lost during milling. When enriched, Iron, Nacin and Thiamin are the most commonly added nutrients.

Fertility

Rice is a symbol of fertility in Asian cultures.

Flakes

Rice grains are rolled and flaked and then used in a similar way as porridge oats to produce porridge, flapjacks and biscuits

Flour

Rice grains are milled finely to produce rice flour, which is used in baking and as a thickening agent.

Fried Rice

A Chinese dish of rice seasoned with soy sauce and stir-fried; eggs, chicken, pork, shrimp and/or vegetables are often stirred into the mixture. Fried rice is best prepared with chilled cooked rice.

Glue

Can be made by boiling ground rice.

Gluten

Rice is gluten free and suitable for Coeliacs who are allergic to gluten

Gohan

The Japanese word meaning rice and a complete meal.

Ground rice

Is rice grain that has been ground into a coarse powder. This has a similar texture and particle size to semolina and is used in baking and puddings

Gumbo

A Cajun dish.

Honda

Means 'main rice field'

Household Friendly

A few grains of rice in a salt cellar will keep the salt running freely

Hulls

Are used as a packing material to pad fragile cargo during shipping

Ice-cream

Rice has even been used to make ice-cream

Inari

Is the Japanese rice god

Indica

One of the two main sub-species of rice. Indica varieties are generally long grain and account for the majority of rice consumed in the UK

Indigestion

Chinese believe that rice cures indigestion

Inkapati

The Philippine rice god

Jambalaya

A traditional Louisiana rice dish, its highly seasoned and flavoured with sausage, ham, seafood, pork or chicken.

Japanese Meal Names

Are based around rice:
Breakfast = 'Morning Rice' = asa gohan
Lunch = 'Afternoon Rice' = hiru gohan
Dinner = 'Evening Rice' = Ban gohan

Japonica

One of the two main sub-species of rice. Japonica varieties are generally short or medium grain, used in dishes such as sushi and risotto

Jasmine

A fragrant rice similar to basmati.

Jobless

Being jobless in Singapore is termed 'broken rice bowl' whilst a good job is termed an 'iron rice bowl'.

Kedgeree

During the days of the British Raj in India it is believed that this dish was adapted from Kichiri.

Kichiri

An indigenous dish of rice and lentils from India, adapted to form Kedgeree

Kin Khao

In Thai means having a meal or eating rice.

Laundry Starch

Is manufactured from broken grains of rice.

Long Hair

In Sumatra rice is often sown by women with long hair hanging loosely down their backs as it is thought to help the rice grow more abundantly and with long stalks

Lontong

An Indonesian recipe which constricts rice as it cooks so that expanding grains form a mass which can be cut into squares.

Luck

Rice is a symbol of luck in many Asian countries.

Mae Posop

The Thai rice god

Manoomin

The name given to wild rice by native American tribes, meaning precious grain.

Marble

Rice Marble is the decorative effect of placing rice on book covers during their making.

Marriage

Newly-weds would have rice thrown over them as it was believed that this would ensure the couple had numerous children

Money

Rice has been used as a substitute for money, in medieval Japan Samurai warriors were paid with rice.

Nasi Goreng

Means fried rice in Indonesian

Nigiri

A style of sushi. Rice is pressed into balls using sushi vinegar and often incorporating seaweed before a variety of toppings are added.

Noodles

Are made from rice flour, white and semi-transparent they are used mainly in soups and stir-frying

Nutrients

Rice is a good source of essential nutrient's thiamin, riboflavin, nacin, phosphorous, iron and potassium

O-himach

Rice harvesting festival in Japan.

Ointment

In India, rice water (a decoction of rice) is prescribed to counteract inflamed surfaces

Okaiyu

Japanese rice gruel, soft like oatmeal and is served as part of a typical breakfast

Oryza sativa

The Latin botanical name of rice

Paper

Rice Paper is not made from Rice at all, but from the pith of the 'rice paper tree', a small Asian shrub. Rice Paper is a thin edible paper used to line baking trays, in the East it is used for delicate paintings. A coarse rice paper can be made from rice flour and this is used to wrap spring rolls and other Asian foods

Parboiled

A process perfected in the 1940's as a means of preserving nutrients that would otherwise be lost in the milling.

Pastries

Rice is ground into powder and used to form pastries.

Patna

The name used for long grain rice when it was exported from India.

Pilaf

A light, fluffy rice dish originating from the Middle East. Rice is sautéed in fat and then cooked in a broth with onions, raisins and spices

Pudding Rice

A short grain rice used in puddings and sweets, the grains are starchy and clump together when cooked.

Queen of Fragrance

Is the translation of Basmati.

Rice Shapes

Used as a gluten free alternative to wheat pasta

Rijsttafel

A Dutch term meaning 'rice table', a Dutch version of an Indonesian meal which consists of small well seasoned side dishes e.g. steamed, fried seafood or meats, vegetables, sauces etc

Risotto

An Italian dish which is rich and creamy, the rice is sautéed in fat and then cooked in a broth.

Rough Rice

Another name for Paddy

Sake

Is an alcoholic drink that the Japanese make from fermented rice. It is served hot in ceramic bowls.

Sekihan

A red rice dish, where the rice has been cooked with red azuki beans, the colour is festive for celebrations.

Sophocles

The Greek poet mentioned rice in the Greek Tragedies.

Straw

From the Rice plant has many different uses:

Twisted into sticks for fuel
Crafted into handicrafts, shoes and toys
Braided into rope
Moulded into bricks
Stacked and preserved as fodder for cattle
Made into Paper

Sushi

Cooked rice formed into rice balls and served cold with brightly coloured seafood placed on top

Tauchiko

The rice planting ritual in Japan

Tisnawati

The Indonesian Rice god.

Toothpaste

Ash from the hulls of the rice plant is used to clean discoloured teeth

Toyota

Means 'bountiful rice field'

UK

Has never been able to cultivate rice due to its adverse climatic conditions

University

There is a Rice University in the USA

Variety

Rice has versatility unlike any other food, it can be made part of any meal in recipes for soups, salads, main dishes, desserts, drinks and vinegar!

Vinegar

Three types are made, white, red and black, which vary in taste and are used extensively in Chinese cooking.

Vishnu

In Bali, it is believed that Lord Vishnu caused the Earth to give birth to rice.

Wealth

Rice is a symbol of wealth in Asian countries.

Wild Rice

Not a true rice, but an aquatic grass variety and from a different genus, the grains are long, thin and black. Rich in B Vitamins.

Wine

The Chinese make wine from glutinous rice, used for cooking and drinking, it's similar to pale sherry.

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae

Is a bacterial blight disease which affects rice plants and their crop.

Zizania palustris

The Latin name of Wild rice. It is the only cereal grain native to North American continent.